What are the Types of Diseases?

Get the facts about the types of diseases and learn the leading diseases today.

Medical websites and dictionaries define a disease as any form of pathological (uncontrolled) process with a particular set of symptoms. The whole body or just a single part may be affected. The disease process comes from a source which may be hard to determine in some instances. There are chronic, communicable, common and infectious diseases. Medical experts have put together ten of the most popular maladies of all times.

Leading Diseases

  • Cancer is a disease wherein the human cells break up and obliterate adjoining tissues. It can affect any part of the human body but the most common are breast (for women), bladder, colon, cervical, throat, liver, and, lung cancers. It is also identified according to varieties such as adenoma, melanoma, myeloma, leukemia, lymphoma, and sarcoma. Cancer is considered incurable but some cancers can be prevented. You can consult your doctors or check out reputable medical websites on topics about how diseases can be prevented.
  • Heart diseases involve any cause of interruption in the heart’s capacity to function normally. Common heart disorders consist of high blood pressure, heart attack, strokes, chest pains, abnormality in rhythm, rheumatic heart, and heart murmurs.
  • Viral diseases are caused by viruses that multiply inside the body. Doctors usually prescribe antibiotics to treat viral infections. These medications have been proven effective against infectious diseases such as the flu, common colds, viral gastroenteritis, chicken pox, respiratory tract infection and measles.
  • Bacterial infections are microorganisms with single cells which thrive in all kinds of environment. There are also dangerous bacteria or pathogens that cause pneumonia, tetanus, toxic shock syndrome which is rare but life-threatening and caused by toxins, and Lyme disease which has symptoms of fatigue, depression, fever and headaches. These maladies are also considered infectious diseases.
  • Digestive diseases affect all parts of the digestive system starting from the mouth down to the anus. These ailments are appendicitis, inflammatory and irritable bowel disorders, diarrhea, food poisoning, hemorrhoids, gall stones, stomach ulcers, and pancreatic syndrome.
  • Diseases of the blood are anemia, septicemia and bacteremia. Anemic persons can suffer from deficiency in wholesome red blood cells, iron deficiency and vitamin deficit. Bacteremia is brought about by bacteria in the blood due to dental treatment, pneumonia and use of intravenous catheters. Septicemia is a severe blood disorder caused by infections. It calls for prompt intervention to avert septic shock and death.
  • Autoimmune diseases come about when the body’s immune system is unable to distinguish between tissues in the body and antigens or substances that generate anti-bodies. These include diabetes (Type I), systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, sclerosis and regional enteritis.
  • Thyroid diseases affect the thyroid glands. The thyroid is an endocrine gland and produces hormones to assist the body in regulating metabolism. Common thyroid ailments consist of goiters and hypopituitarism.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases consist of HPV or human papillomavirus, HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea, genital herpes, and scabies.
  • Neurodegenerative diseases reduce the body’s capacity to process thoughts, balance, movement, and communications properly. These nerve maladies are Alzheimer’s, Huntington’s, and Parkinson’s.