Medicine does not only focus on curing illnesses and injuries, but more importantly, emphasizes the significance of prevention.
Preventive medicine, also known as preventive care refers to the measures that are taken for prevention of diseases or injuries instead of curing or treating them or their symptoms. The term actually contrasts in method with curative and palliative medicine and is in scope with public health methods which works at the level of population health instead of individual health.
Preventive Medicine Strategies
The strategies of preventive medicine are normally described as taking place at the primary, secondary, tertiary up to quaternary levels. Primal prevention is a term used to describe all the measures that are taken to ensure fetal well-being or primal health including adult health. Primal prevention strategies naturally concentrate on offering future parents with education about the consequences of epigenetic influences on their child, adequate leave time for both parents, parenting in infancy and even financial support if necessary.
The basic examples of preventive medicine include hand washing, breastfeeding and immunizations. Examinations and screening tests fit for an individual’s age, health and family history are also part of preventive care. An example of which would be a person that has a history of certain cancers or other diseases in their family would be advised to begin screening at an earlier age compared to his or her elders. Better to have these tests done frequently compared to those who have no history of any or such disease in their family. There are several non profit organizations who apply epidemiologic research geared towards finding ways on how to prevent diseases.
Preventive Medicine Physicians
Preventive medicine is a medical discipline which centers on preventing diseases and promotes a general state of health and well-being. It is considered to be a broad specialty in both Europe and the United States and this means that physicians can concentrate on preventive medicine while they are getting their medical degree, making use of their skills that they learned in school to decrease the outbreak of disease epidemics, improve public health, and generally increase the quality of life for every person all over the world.
Preventive medicine is being practiced as an arm of public health in the West and it is applied to the whole community. In Eastern medicine, a lot of doctors practice individual preventive medicine on a patient by patient basis and this is due to the fact that insurance companies often feel that it is not only expensive but also time consuming and it will not compensate doctors for preventive measures.
Preventing Diseases: Community Effort
Preventive medicine, when applied to an entire population, will include things such as extensive work in public health, pest and insect control, vaccinations, food safety and even improvements in hygiene for water supplies, homes and individuals. Given that there are such a wide variety of topics covered by preventive medicine, there are also a number of specialists that are incorporated into the success of preventive medicine. Mainly, the doctors who specialize in preventive medicine focus on improving hygiene and living conditions to avoid outbreaks as well as vaccinations and educating the population.