Nutrition and Disease Prevention

What we eat plays a vital role in our overall well-being.

The human body needs a sufficient amount of the following nutrients for nutrition and disease prevention:

  • Carbohydrates
  • Fats
  • Proteins
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals

These are important to people who want healthy organs, bones, muscles and, nerves. At the same time, you need to generate hormones and chemicals to ensure proper functioning of body organs.

Vitamins and minerals are vital for the growth and functions of the human body and necessary (in little amounts) for metabolism.

Nourishment for Disease Prevention

Health promotion and disease prevention go hand-in-hand. These can curb primary health problems such as obesity and heart attacks. You will notice that a lot of dietary recommendations are meant to manage these two disorders. Overweight issues are the result of consuming too much calories which your body is not capable of burning. Unfortunately, heaviness can lead to numerous chronic diseases like diabetes, gout, arthritis, liver infection, gall stones, heart disorders, and some forms of cancers.

Eating low energy foods like fruits and vegetables can help people maintain the proper weight or lose excess pounds. These contain a small amount of calories (per unit volume) so you can take in a big volume without worrying about gaining unwanted calories. Stay away from the high-energy-dense foods composed of fats, sweets, egg yolks, and high-fat salad dressings. These are also loaded with saturated fats and high cholesterols

Dietary Guidelines

There are nutritional guidelines that can help in disease prevention. These pointers advocate healthy diets composed of three categories:

  • Veggies, fruits, low-fat dairy products, and whole grains
  • Lean meat, fish, poultry, beans, eggs, and nuts
  • Low-fat foods, sodium and added sugar

It is also essential to combine workouts with a healthy diet based on the person’s age, gender and activity level. You can obtain adequate nutrition based on the suggested amount of daily calories to reach a balance between food consumption and physical exercise. This is effective in nutrition and disease prevention.

You can also go through self-education by reading articles in health and fitness websites, relevant books, and publications on healthy nourishment diet. Take time out to consult reliable sources such as registered dietitians and doctors.

Take a lot of whole grains since these are full of fiber and thereby help in bringing down blood pressure. Examples of these foods are oatmeal, whole wheat pasta and bread, and brown rice. Likewise eat fresh fruits and vegetables which have less sugar and are high in antioxidants and fiber. These have been proven effective in health promotion.

Consume fat-free or low-fat dairy food items such as skim milk and low-fat yogurt. Skip the regular dairy products which are high in saturated fat and increases cholesterol. Do not forget to engage in moderate exercise since this activity promotes good High Density Lipoprotein or good cholesterol. It also helps decrease blood pressure, fight osteoporosis, type-2 diabetes, and enhance cardiovascular health. Finally, visit your family doctor regularly since periodic checkups will not hurt and definitely help you in disease prevention and treatment.