When it comes to diseases, prevention is always better than cure. This is why there are various branches of science and medicine dedicated to disease prevention.
Disease prevention is a portion of medicine that concentrates on the prevention of diseases on individuals and in the community. This is a better management practice compared to disease control. Various branches of science and medicine are linked to this medical discipline and it ranges from anthropology, to the study cultural practices which could promote the spread of disease, to epidemiology which is the identification and the study of diseases. A lot of countries have disease prevention programs included in their national health framework because this surely benefits the community as a whole.
A Look at the History of Disease Prevention
The human race has been fighting diseases for many, many years and the problem intensifies when people flock an area and start living in one place that is closely crowded. The diversity of the disease grew along with the cities as well as the numerous interesting attempts in the prevention of diseases. It was only in the 1800’s when people really began to understand the process of disease and started to take steps to avoid the spread of diseases and promoted healthy communities, like frequent hand washing, maintaining cleanliness to the extent of pasteurizing dairy.
A Worldwide Effort
Countries have then developed different approaches in their disease prevention programs and strategies. Developed countries sanitize water which helps provide clean living conditions for their community and they also use widespread vaccination programs which has proven to be very effective in preventing diseases. By doing such measures, doctors can fully focus on their patients. However, it is a different scenario in a developing world where the medical practitioners are still struggling with the basic principles of disease prevention extending from boosting the modification of cultural values to minimize the spread of diseases, to making an effort to provide basic medical care.
Disease Prevention Tools
Disease prevention is typically focused on providing clean living conditions and uplifting education so that people become aware of the mechanisms of disease within the community. Infrastructures that are designed to prevent diseases are those of the sewer systems, water purification plants, health codes and sterile hospital facilities. Most countries also have community education programs like HIV or AIDS prevention education which basically informs the community how this disease spreads. These are some of the tools used to decrease the risk of the spread of disease by getting rid of conditions where it can increase.
Individuals are encouraged to get vaccines and prophylactic medications along with the identification of risk factors which could make someone even more susceptible to certain kinds of diseases. The promotion of general wellness is encouraged because people who have healthy bodies are less likely to contract diseases.
The prevention of disease includes work in scientific research facilities such as institutions and laboratories, and scientists work to identify diseases so they can learn more about how it gets transmitted as well as how it can be treated, and best of all, prevented. Diagnostic screenings were developed for early detection of cancer and this has played a major role in the prevention of disease all over the world.