We all need to be vigilant when it comes to our health. The spread of communicable diseases can be prevented by practicing these simple steps.
Communicable disease is the spread of a disease from one person to another through physical contact or transfer of bacteria through air. Infectious disease spread very quickly which causes an epidemic that affects a significant number of people who live in the same area. Women can get yeast infection and other sexually transmitted diseases during a sexual contact with a man. In turn, the same woman spreads the disease to various people by having sex with multiple partners.
Communicable diseases generally stem from bacteria, germs and viruses that are transmitted from one person to another through physical touch or contact, the air or through sharing of bodily fluids like saliva, blood and reproductive fluids. Often, certain communicable disease, like polio, can be completely controlled by getting a single immunization dosage. The spread of communicable disease can also be prevented by paying much attention to hygiene, proper lifestyle and by being generally clean.
Here are other things you can do to prevent the spread of communicable diseases:
- When you have open wounds, clean and cover with clean gauze or bandages specifically if the wound is secreting fluids. Properly dispose of all used tools for cleaning the wound by placing them in a sealed plastic bag and putting them in the garbage at once. Wash items that are commonly used like toys and eating utensils thoroughly by using hot water and soap. You can also opt to use cold water mixed with a small amount of bleach to kill germs on hard surfaces.
- Maintain a strong immune system by combining proper nutrition, ample rest and regular exercise into your lifestyle. By doing so, your body will be able to fight off external pathogens more effectively. As much as possible, do not share drinks, toothbrushes and eating utensils with other people.
- Get annual vaccination for communicable disease. Get flu shots every year and earlier in life, try to get vaccines for diseases such as polio, whooping cough, tetanus, mumps and measles. Your body will allow building of antibodies that are needed to fight these diseases in case you get infected.
- Frequent hand washing is one of the easiest and most effective way to prevent communicable disease. Various viruses that cause flu are passed on through the nose, mouth, eyes or ears by means of hands and this can be avoided by washing hands with the use of soap and water. These viruses or diseases are commonly present in doorknobs, handrails and counters and even on common household objects like appliances, pets and even certain foods. After sneezing, using the bathroom, handling uncooked meat, taking out the trash or touching dirty surfaces, make sure to wash your hands. It would be better to use warm or hot water with soap and thoroughly wash your hands including the wrists and under the fingernails. Rinse for about twenty seconds under running water and while doing so, rub your hand together vigorously to remove all traces of soap and coagulated bacteria. Use a paper towel to dry your hands.